How to Make Upholstery Your Career (and whether or not you really want to.)

FLC owner and creator, Cynthia Bleskachek, working on a wingback chair.

As a professional upholsterer, I sometimes hear things like, “Oh you are so LUCKY! This is my dream job!!!” I suppose professional knitters and bakers and florists do too. And believe me, I get it – I DO have a very cool job. I get to work with beautiful fabrics and tear apart old interesting furniture. . . I get to problem solve every day . . . I  work with my hands in a world that is increasingly digital . . . I cross paths with many interesting and artistic people. . .

But. BUT. Upholstery as a profession is not for everyone, and it’s a good deal more than the fun artsy aspects you see on social media (hooray!) So before you quit your day job, I’m here to give you an insider’s take on upholstery as a full time career – what to consider before you take the plunge, and how to proceed once you’re sure. Hobby: an activity or interest pursued for pleasure or relaxation and not as a main occupation. One of my high school teachers used to say, “Major in something you hate – you’re going to end up hating it anyway.” He was a pretty funny guy. But this appalling advice is well worth considering – taking something you love and trying to wring an income from it often changes everything we loved about it in the first place. So here are a few factors to seriously consider before you dive headlong into your upholstery career: 

  • SPEED.  Hobbies can be done in our own time. We can savor the process and walk away if we’re frustrated. A professional will go out of business pretty fast if they can’t turn enough work to pay the bills and write a paycheck. Every. Single. Week. The target workload varies from shop to shop, but I personally completed about 80 projects this year, from cushion sets to whole sofa overhauls. I also teach, so this is undoubtedly much lower than an upholsterer who draws their full income from client work.
  • QUALITY. Speed and quality are opposite sides of the same coin, and as a professional, you need to focus on both. I won’t lie: this can be very stressful. It takes a long time to achieve consistently professional results and even longer to achieve them at a professional speed. When upholstery is your hobby, it’s totally reasonable to accept minor imperfections here and there. But when it’s for a client, every detail needs to be darn near perfect.
  • CLIENT/PROJECT SELECTION.  If upholstery was my hobby, I would take projects for family and friends only – work I enjoy for people I enjoy working with.  As a professional, I’m still selective about what I do and for whom (as any professional should be) but I have to consider the bottom line. This means I’ve had a fair share of icky conversations with friends and family – with expenses to clear and kids to feed, I can’t fill my schedule with deeply discounted work. I hate these conversations. They make me feel gross. But if this is my job, I have to treat it like one.  If you have a long list of friends and family excited to send you work, it’s a good start, but be forewarned that many casual inquiries never turn into real, profitable projects, and that there is a LONG road between “I have a chair” and “Here is my check.” It’s not uncommon to book a job months (or occasionally YEARS) after a client initally makes contact.
  • “THE UNEXPECTED.” When students encounter “The Unexpected”, they occasionally trash the project, or pay to have it finished, or finish it the best they can with mediocre results. “The Unexpected” is expected in upholstery, and once you’re into a client project, it’s pretty much your problem. Sometimes it’s a matter of struggling,  working unpaid overtime to problem solve and catch up.  Sometimes it’s telling the client that there’s a problem with the frame or the fabric or the plan you had discussed together. Sometimes “The Unexpected” is a really difficult customer. Believe me, there will be days when you’ll wish for a time machine so you can go back and TURN THIS ^&*$@@ PROJECT DOWN!!!!!!  But until that technology exists, handling “The Unexpected” is in the job description.
  • ALL THE ASPECTS OF SELF-EMPLOYMENT (PROBABLY)  I can’t speak for every market, but in Minnesota, the days of large upholstery shops appear to be gone. I tried for years to do upholstery as an employee and thereby duck the added responsibilities of self-employment. Eventually, I gave up and wrote my own job description. Almost every professional I know has had to hire him/herself. That means worrying about taxes and prices and supplies and rent and customer service and marketing AND AND AND. . . It’s all a necessary part of getting work through your door, and it probably won’t be your favorite part.  Being great at upholstery is only one aspect of what the career requires. I’d love to see more apprentice-style opportunities for new professionals, but at present,  they’re pretty hard to find.

 Still there?? I like my bad news delivered first, so my apologies if you’re currently discouraged. But let’s talk about the good news. THE GREAT NEWS: It’s absolutely possible to make a good living as a professional upholsterer. When I sat down to decide what I should do as a brand-new adult, I laid out the career possibilities and realized that upholstery was an excellent option. The demand for upholstery may be relatively small, but the supply of professionals is even smaller. With most degree programs closed, upholsterers are retiring faster than they’re being replaced – most of them with giant client lists. If you have the skills, desire and dedication, there is a potential market for your services. But of course the question remains: “HOW DO I GET INTO THIS AS A PROFESSION?” It’s a question I get from students and it’s a really, really tough one to answer. Once upon a time, most people finished a two year degree program and then a 2 year apprenticeship in an established shop. For most of us, this traditional path is off the table. Still, the diploma was never really the point: The skills and experience were. More good news: YOU CAN STILL GET THOSE THINGS, HOORAY!!! Just expect to think outside of the box, because your path is bound to be fairly unique. Still, after years of long ruminations and longer conversations, I’ve been able to draw together a general outline and some realistic suggestions that I hope you’ll find helpful. May I proudly present . . .  CYNTHIA’S GUIDE TO BECOMING A PROFESSIONAL UPHOLSTERER!!!! (APPLAUSE!!!)  STEP #1: TRY IT . . . A LOT. Get a good sense of what upholstery actually IS. Surprise!!! You’re going to destroy your fingernails and get super messy and the inside of furniture can be gross beyond description. You’ll be challenged and frustrated. There are no step-by-step instructions and very few “rules.” Every project is different and you have to think flexibly. A fair percentage of our students only learn that they really don’t like upholstery. “This is way harder than I thought it would be!” Yes and yes. Trying it might mean some DIY adventures at home with the assistance of books, YouTube and good old-fashioned trial and error. Hopefully it means classes, if classes are available in your area. Give yourself a solid exploratory period. I was lucky and helped at my mom’s shop through my childhood (Guess what? I hated it. Mostly I took things apart and was really slow and bad at it.) But there are all kinds of ways to casually explore upholstery –  get a low commitment taste first.  STEP #2: EXPAND . . . GRADUALLY. Now begins the exploratory/growth phase. You’re highly unlikely to find a traditional apprenticeship, but don’t despair – look around and work with what you have. Many professionals started out as hobbyists and gradually expanded through word of mouth. If you have time to build, this is a great way to go. Take the projects that feel comfortable, or challenge you a little. Stay away from projects that are totally out of your wheelhouse or clients that make you nervous. This is a great time to start taking classes, online or in person. You might even find people with projects to pay your fees and materials. Don’t overpromise: Give yourself the luxury of time and be honest  that you are still learning. You’ll find plenty of people who are excited to bring you projects and you can gradually increase your skills and referral network. You can also seek out places to sell your work – antique or specialty stores, pop-up sales, online marketplaces, etc. These usually aren’t the most lucrative opportunities, but there’s far less risk than tearing into someone’s heirloom chair. If people don’t like it, they don’t buy it. If YOU don’t like it,  stick it in the garage. It’s a great way to get practice and start building revenue. It can also lead to new customers who’ve already seen and liked your work. Over time, you can increase your speed, prices and workload. Another option is to work in the field – don’t get overly excited just yet. Most shops are small, and if they hire anyone, it will likely be casual and the pay won’t be much. You’ll get the simplest and most repetitive tasks. Don’t take that personally. A small business has to make decisions based on delivering quality work in a timely manner while somehow staying in the black. That model does not allow for much instructional time. Be open to the possibility of upholstery RELATED tasks and a heavy dose of grunt work. My first two full-time jobs were supervising in a manufacturing facility and doing upholstery/customer service for an area foam retailer (heavy on the customer service). Nothing so glamorous, but it provided an income, experience, and networking. I learned a LOT through repetition. I got paid while someone else absorbed most of the risk. Working in manufacturing increased my speed and taught me how to structure projects for delegation and efficiency. It provided opportunities to work with vinyl and do some teaching. Working in retail gave me a serious dose of customer service. It taught me the importance of good communication and how to organize workflow. It gave me a good set of policies regarding things like down payments, documentation and pricing. I learned supplies and foam in great detail. That may not sound exciting, but it ALL adds to my credibility and skill set. Don’t think you’re too good for “easy” work – every Master Upholsterer began at the bottom. The upholstery industry is small, and it’s good to have plenty of bridges intact.  STEP #3: GO FOR IT . . . WITH A PLAN! Make a business plan. Write it down. With actual numbers. Again, everybody’s plan is different, so don’t expect to find this in a book or copy from another shop. Some folks work at home with very little overhead. Others need to cover the expense of a store front. Some shops work exclusively through designers. Others specialize in  commercial work or traditional upholstery or automotive. Nobody can decide how your business is structured besides you. But you CAN find great books and blogs on making a business plan –  and you should. Many cities also have business mentoring programs where you can ask your questions and get advice. (SCORE has been a tremendous resource throughout my entrepreneurial journey.) Hopefully, steps #1 and #2 gave you plenty of insight and connections and experience from which to launch your career. Your plan probably won’t succeed right away and you’ll definitely tweak it as you go, but at least you’ll have a framework, and that will greatly increase your chances of success. One last thing . . . I think it’s well worth saying,  you don’t HAVE to get to Step #3. Or even Step #2. Sometimes students take one class and immediately start panicking about how to go pro. Deep breath. Give the process time. There is a whole gray scale of ways to exist in the upholstery industry.

Maybe it’s always going to be your favorite hobby, doing a few projects for family and friends, covering your expenses and honing your skills for great personal satisfaction.

Maybe it’s an enjoyable side job that pays for a vacation or two each year.

Maybe it’s one of 2 or 3 part time occupations that together feed your pocket and your soul.

Maybe the day comes when you’re ready to go pro. . . And maybe it doesn’t.

It’s YOUR life, YOUR career, YOUR journey.

So only YOU get to decide if upholstery has a starring role in it.


I can’t even remember when I wrote this post, but it’s old. Surprisingly, it’s still one of our most visited pages, which suggests that this question is still on people’s minds . . .

However many years later, I still don’t have simple answers when students ask me, “how to go pro”

While we’re working persistently to improve connections between education and employment, the fact remains that early self-employment is overwhelmingly the point of entry for new upholsterers.

Older businesses are continuing to retire and disappear. While new, promising businesses ARE emerging on the horizon, job placement is still very spotty indeed – especially for those who lack experience.

To that end, we spent the duration of the pandemic reevaluating how to best help serious students make the tricky leap from hobby to career.

The result is our recently released online program,  FLC 200: Fundamentals. If you’re invested in making upholstery your vocation, I hope you’ll check it out.

Additionally, in the last couple years, upholstery has seen a tremendous increase in trade networking and communication, including the establishment of The National Upholstery Association. Speaking to my own journey, and those of our most successful students, the value of peer to peer connections cannot be overstated. If you aren’t sure how else to start, network your tail off.

Some of my biggest “breaks” came out of left field, simply because I was relentlessly engaged, anywhere and everywhere I could think to try. My Facebook page caught the attention of Craftsy in Colorado. THAT connected me to a drapery instructor in North Carolina, Susan Woodcock. SHE connected me to a leading workroom in Alabama – Grant Trick. The point is, if I had knocked on a few local doors, and given up,  you definitely wouldn’t be visiting my website. So get as many irons in as many fires as you can find – eventually, a few of them will pan out.

Good luck!


16 thoughts on “How to Make Upholstery Your Career (and whether or not you really want to.)”

  1. Deborah Collier

    This was extremely helpful and enlightening. I grew up sewing and recently worked for a light upholstery studio for two years. My children are now grown and I’m ready to do this. I’m not experienced enough to do sofas, but as you say, there’s a lot of room in the industry. I mainly wonder about how to acquire clients.

    1. I’m glad you found this helpful! There’s no one way to go about it, but I’d say just start by working your network – church, neighborhood, family/friends, social media – wherever you’re connected, start putting out feelers and be open to whatever opportunities present. If you worked for a light upholstery studio in the past, connect back with them perhaps to see if they have any work they’d like to contract out . . . The best clients usually come by good old fashioned word of mouth 🙂 Good luck! Cynthia

  2. I love this. I appreciate hearing about the gritty side of a profession that tends to look glamorous from an outsiders perspective. I’m wondering what your thoughts are on approaching a professional about learning directly from them as an apprentice. Taking on a student probably isn’t everyone’s dream so I’m wondering what I could offer in return other than free labor. Really any thoughts from you would be so great!

    1. I’m glad you found something helpful in this! It’s so tricky for people right now, in the industry and trying to come into the industry! If you have time to work your way up slowly and can find a shop to bring you in, it’s a wonderful way to learn upholstery. I would caution you to expect a lot of shops to say no – it’s actually a pretty common request, and even a person working for free tends to slow a shop down for awhile. I’m not so sure I’d offer free labor, as most upholsterers I know would be uncomfortable accepting that – but perhaps a willingness to do the menial work that actually saves the shop time – tear back, clean-up, that kind of thing. If you have any related skills (sales, computer etc) they can also be a foot in the door, especially with bigger shops. Wish I had a more cohesive answer! Put feelers out like crazy, hopefully you connect with someone who’s ready for help. Good luck! Cynthia

    2. I greatly appreciate you taking the time to provide Exactly the information I was seeking. I’m a skilled hobbiest with no actual upholstery experience. I’m open to taking classes ( if i can find one ) but even more willing to working from the bottom up. Hoping to get hands on experience without having to purchase what I imagine to be a signficant amount of tools and machines. The end dream is to have a hobby workshop and to teach upcycling. But as you mentioned my #1 concern is a hobby on my time is different than producing and building a happy client base.

      My point is thank you. Many blessings to you.

  3. Dear Cynthia,

    As I close a 20+ year career on media sales and prepare to explore upholstery as a next professional step, I have found your post very realistic and helpful. Thank you for your first-hand insight.

    I live in Brussels and have always been passionate by interior design. But it was when I wanted to upholster two little armchairs I love and got the quote for the job that I identified this as hobby/job potential.

    Thank you again and have a good weekend!

    Brussels, Belgium

  4. This was a great article to stumble across. I am at a crossroads. Having been upholstering for about 6 years now as a side gig while I homeschool my kids I need to make a decision to expand or fold and move on. I just don’t know if I can find the amount of work I need and if I do, can I work fast enough to pay the bills. Ugh, this is why I love upholstery, steady and methodical work. Major life decisions are rarely steady and methodical, they are messy and risky if you want those rewards😱

    1. thefunkylittlechair

      Good morning, Becky! I’m glad you found this article helpful, and I empathize with your tricky position – I’ve been there several times in my upholstery career . . . I wouldn’t presume to tell you what’s right for you, but it certainly sounds like you’ve done enough to know what you’re getting into, and I tell you, every time I’ve taken “the next step” I’ve felt like I only had about half of what I needed to make things work, and I just hoped like crazy that the other half would show up. . . Okay, no, that’s not QUITE right! I worked like crazy and hoped doing so would ensure that the other half of what I needed would show up, LOL 😀 And I’m pleased to report that it has. I think there’s a really tricky tipping point in upholstery where you hit the limit of what you can do part time and it’s really scary to wonder if you can make a bigger go of it. It certainly isn’t easy, but there’s just so much work that you CAN’T get when you stay really small. Having more time and investment (not just money – your energy, more space, whatever it is) opens up additional potential avenues. The best advice I can give you if you DO take the plunge is to network like crazy and make sure everyone knows you’re doing this – it could turn up a whole new revenue stream you haven’t even thought of yet. And if you have business mentoring services in your area, definitely take advantage! I don’t know what I would do without mine <3 All my best as you decide where life takes you next! Cynthia

  5. Hello Cynthia, thank you so much for sharing your experiences and pointers, I have found your article really helpful. Jill

  6. Great read so true in many aspects. I did a 4 year apprenticeship in furniture upholstery way back in the early 70s.I was 15 not a job I was looking for but it was offered and why not. No regrets 19 got my trade certificate then left for the military. Then after that straight back into the trade had a few jobs at factories then spent over 6 years working for a small family business, leant so much . after that started my own shop just me for nearly 20 years..picked up some great contracts always had regular work..Haven’t worked at the trade for 10 years and still not a week goes by when someone asked can you recover this or respring a bit here and there, I think if you are good at your trade and charge fair prices for a good job you can make a living from upholstery

  7. Great article! I’m not even considering it as a career and have never tried upholstering anything (but gearing myself up to try), yet this was a compelling read. 😊

  8. I’ve just lost my job due to the pandemic and decided to look at making a career change after 30 years in the (disappearing) magazine industry. So I decided to take a upholstery course here in London; it was really good to read your piece and discover the difference between fun hobby and serious job. Food for thought.

  9. I just discovered your amazing teaching videos. I have 30 years experience in sewing professionally and as a hobby. I really enjoy your method of teaching…you are articulate with a sense of humor. I have learned a lot from you. Thank you so much for enriching my life with a new hobby. I am 75 and feel one is never too old to learn something new.

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